Plant a native

You can help with the preservation of our native wildlife by simply planting a native tree or shrub! This will provide birds with food, habitat and a possible nesting place. Our wildlife is threatened due to their habitat slowly being destroyed by deforestation and by the growth of urban areas where trees are decimated.

Many native birds eat the fruit, nectar and / or seeds of native plants:

  • Bellbirds eat nectar
  • Kaka eat berries & nectar
  • Wood Pigeons eat berries, buds and flowers
  • Waxeyes eat fruit & nectar
  • Tui eat nectar
  • Fernbirds eat seeds & fruit
  • Kea eat berries, nectar & buds
  • Kokako eat flowers, fruit, leaves & fern fronds
  • NZ Parakeet eat fruit & seeds
  • Rock Wren eat fruit
  • Stitchbird eat nectar & fruit
  • Tomtit eat small fruit
  • Whitehead sometimes eat small fruit

Trees attract insects which are eaten by:

  • Fantail
  • Fernbird
  • Grey Warbler
  • Kea
  • Kokako
  • Morepork
  • NZ Robin
  • NZ Falcon
  • NZ Parakeet
  • Rock Wren
  • Stitchbird
  • Tomtit
  • Whitehead
  • Yellowhead

So if you want to help make a difference and have more of our beautiful native birds around, here is a list of native trees & shrubs that you can plant (many of which will fit comfortably in smaller town gardens):

Cabbage tree

Cabbage tree / Ti kouka/

Grow 12m, fruit late summer-early autumn

five finger

Five finger / Whauwhaupaku

– You may need to grow more than one of these to make them fruit
Grow 8m, fruit autumn, flower winter

Flax

Flax / Harakeke

Grow 3m, flower Nov-Jan, great for Kaka, Tui, Bellbirds & Kea

Hinau

Hinau

Grow 15m, fruit late summer-early autumn

Houpara

Houpara

Grow 6m, fruit June – July

Karo

Karo

Grow 9m, flower spring

kawakawa

Kawakawa

– You may need to grow more than one of these to make them fruit
Grow 6m, fruit late summer, great for Wood Pigeons

Kanono

Kanono

– You may need to grow more than one of these to make them fruit
Grow 6m, fruit autumn

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Karamu

– You may need to grow more than one of these to make them fruit
Grow 3-6m, fruit late summer/early autumn 3-6m

Karaka

Karaka

Grow 15m, fruit late summer-early autumn, great for Wood Pigeons

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Kahikatea / White pine

Grow 50m, fruit autumn, tallest and most ancient native tree, does well in wet areas, great for Tui

Kohia

Kohia / NZ passion flower

Grow 8m, fruit summer-autumn

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Kohuhu

Grow 8m, flower spring

kowhai

Kowhai

Grow 10m, flower early spring, great for Wood Pigeons, Tui & Kaka

Kumerahou

Kumarahou / Golden tainui

Grow 3m, flower spring 3m

Lacebark

Lacebark / Houhere

Grow 12m, flower late summer, fast-growing

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Lancewood / Horoeka

Grow 15m, fruit autumn – winter, great for Wood Pigeons & Tui

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Makomako / Wine berry

Grow 10m, fruit autumn, fast growing

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Mapou

Grow 6m, fruit autumn

marble leaf tree

Marble leaf / Putaputaweta

Grow 10m, fruit autumn

Miro

Miro

Grow 25m, fruit autumn, great for Wood Pigeons

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Nikau Palm

Grow 15m, fruit February – November, great for Wood Pigeons

pate

Pate

– You may need to grow more than one of these to make them fruit
Grow 8m, fruit autumn, prefers damp

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Poroporo

Grow 3m, fruit autumn-winter, fast growing, great for Waxeyes

Pigeonwood

Pigeon wood / Porokaiwhiri

– You may need to grow more than one of these to make them fruit
Grow 12m, fruit autumn, prefers damp, great for Wood Pigeons

pohutakawa

Pohutukawa / NZ Christmas tree

Grow 20m, flower Dec-Jan 20m, very hardy and wind tolerant, great for Tui

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Puriri

Grow 20m, flower and fruit all year, great for Wood Pigeons & Tui

five finger

Climbing Rata / Scarlett Rata Vine

Grow 10m, flower winter, grows/climbs on other trees

White rata vine

White Rata Vine / Aketea

Grow 15m, flower late winter, usually a climber but can be grown as a small shrub, great for Kaka & Tui

northern rata

Rata / Northern rata

Grow 30m, flower Nov-Dec, great for Kaka, Tui & Kea

rewarewa

Rewarewa / NZ honeysuckle

Grow 30m, flower Oct-Dec, great for Tui

Rimu

Rimu / Red pine

Grow 60m+, Fruit autumn

Titoki fruit

Titoki

Grow 10m, fruit in late summer, great for Wood Pigeons

Toropapa

Toropapa / karapapa

Grow 1-2m, fruit autumn

Taraire

Taraire

Grow 22m, fruit autumn, slow-growing forest tree, great for Wood Pigeons

Tawa

Tawa

Grow 25m, fruit autumn, slow growing, great for Wood Pigeons

taurepo

Taurepo / NZ gloxinia

Grow 2m, flower all year round

tarata

Tarata / Lemonwood

– You may need to grow more than one of these to make them fruit
Grow 12m, flower spring, fruit autumn

Totara

Totara

– You may need to grow more than one of these to make them fruit
Grow 30m +, fruit autumn, great for Kea

Tree Fushia

Tree fuchsia / Kotukutuku

– You may need to grow more than one of these to make them fruit
Grow 12m, fruit summer-autumn, great for Bellbirds

Wharangi

Wharangi

Grow 7m, Seeds late summer

Whitey Wood

Whitey wood / Mahoe

– You may need to grow more than one of these to make them fruit
Grow 10m, fruit late summer

http://www.terrain.net.nz
http://www.forrestandbird.org.nz
http://www.doc.govt.nz
http://nzbirdsonline.org.nz